Ying Zhou, a geoscientist in Virginia Tech College of Science’s Department of Geosciences, explained that although the earthquakes happened twenty years apart, they should have sent seismic waves through the Earth’s depths at the same rate because they happened in the same area.
The idea bolsters our comprehension of convection in the outer core of the Earth and how it affects the magnetic field of the planet. Convective fluxes and potential changes have not been directly seen by researchers.
According to the theory, the metallic liquid outer core crystallizes to form the solid inner core. Latent temperature and light elements are released throughout this process, producing thermal and chemical buoyant forces that power the geodynamo of the Earth.
They also evaluate the propagation periods of core-penetrating SKS waves generated by two powerful earthquake pairings at nearby hypocenters in order to study temporal changes in the liquid outer core.
Whereas most observations do not call for a change in the outer core, they find that SKS waves propagating through the upper part of the crust of the Earth in the high latitudes Pacific move roughly one second more quickly at the time of the second earthquake, which happened around 20 years during the first.
How Does Seismic Wave Speed Transient Change Earth’s Outer Core:
The Earth’s outer core has a density deficit of around 5 to 10 percent, which indicates the presence of a significant amount of light elements such as silicon, hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and sulfur2 that help the Earth to change the outer structure by throwing the lava.
The Earth’s solid inner core expands as it cools and the liquid iron crystallizes, releasing light hot elements. Uncertainty persists regarding the convection geodynamo theory and time scale of the iron solidification process, and how much time it takes to solaride the lavatic material into iron.
But the local seismic wave speed might be affected during this phenomenon, especially if the discharged light elements are concentrated locally in the atmosphere.
To that, the position of the earthquake hypocenters cannot account for this observation to think about how seismic waves change the Earth’s outer core.
But the long-standing knowledge of the existence of light components in the outer core earth necessitates some density deficit in the outer core for global earth models based on seismological observations11,12,15.
Understanding the Earth’s geodynamo requires a thorough understanding of the process by which light components are liberated from the inner core and how they contribute to outer core convection to change the outer core.
Let’s take an example of the Grandfather Paradox in which no one is responsible for any change until the time stop sinking. To our Earth, light elements are introduced into the solid inner core from the bottom of the outer core, where iron freezes.
The grandfather paradox law is applied here now; their chemical buoyancy will help to drive core convection and change the core of the Earth a little by little.